Fiat is the abbreviation of Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, which means Italian Automobile Factory Turin. Since 1910 it is the largest Italian car manufacturer and the ninth largest car and LCV producer in the world (OICA, 2009). The company was established in 1899 by Giovanni Agnelli and a group of investors and at present it is the largest industrial concern in Italy including the production of cars, buses, industrial and agricultural vehicles, financial services and many other activities in aviation, construction, information technologies, etc. The first car of Fiat was the 3 ½ CV. The company grew fast and in 1908 it exported the first Fiats to the USA, where owning a Fiat at that time was a mark of distinction. Though it had suffered from WWI, the company had 80% share of the Italian car market in 1920, which increased to 87% in 1925, after in 1923 Fiat built the largest car factory in Europe for its time. After WWII in 1945 the Italian Committee of National Liberation removed the Agnelli family from all leadership positions. It was 18 years later in 1963 that Gianni Agnelli, the grandson of Giovanni Agnelli, became the general manager of Fiat and consecutively - a chairman. From that moment on Fiat continued to expand throughout the world and introduced a large product line offering a competitive range of cars. The car production division of Fiat Group includes Fiat Automobiles, Iveco, Maserati, Ferrari, Abarth & C, Alfa Romeo, Lancia. Cars produced by Fiat Group have won the European Car of the Year award 12 times, which is more than any other car manufacturer in the world. For decades Fiat has stood for safety on the road and since 1960 it has a fully functional center of safety (Centro Sucurezza Fiat), which is focused on developing up-to-date systems and devices, which ensure safety and comfort on the road. The company is also devoted to increasing public awareness towards ecology and lessening of the negative effects of cars on the environment. Fiat is confirmed to have the lowest average value for CO2 emissions from vehicles sold in 2007 and 2008. The current Fiat portfolio of cars includes Uno (hatchbacks, panel vans), 500 (sedans, estates), Albea (sedans), Bravo (hatchbacks), Croma (liftbacks), Doblo (panel vans, leisure activities vehicles LAVs), Fiorino (light commercial vehicles), Grande Punto (hatchbacks, panel vans), Idea (MPVs), Linea (sedans), Multipla (MPVs), Palio (hatchbacks, station wagons, crossovers), Panda (hatchbacks, cabriolets, vans), Sedici (hatchbacks), Seicento (hatchbacks, panel vans), Siena (sedans), Strada (pick-ups). The list below includes a number of models by Fiat, for which is provided specific technical data.
|Tempra 1.9 Tds||1990||~ 1.9 l (1929 cc)||69 kW (94 ps)||192 Nm (141 ft-lb)||178 km/h||4354.00 mm||1686.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.8 ie SX||1990||~ 1.8 l (1756 cc)||82 kW (112 ps)||141 Nm (104 ft-lb)||196 km/h||4354.00 mm||1686.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.4 Weekend||1990||~ 1.4 l (1372 cc)||54 kW (74 ps)||109 Nm (80 ft-lb)||-||4464.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1449.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.4||1990||~ 1.4 l (1372 cc)||54 kW (74 ps)||109 Nm (80 ft-lb)||172 km/h||4354.00 mm||1686.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.6||1990||~ 1.6 l (1581 cc)||64 kW (87 ps)||130 Nm (95 ft-lb)||180 km/h||4354.00 mm||1686.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.6 Weekend||1990||~ 1.6 l (1581 cc)||64 kW (87 ps)||130 Nm (95 ft-lb)||-||4464.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1449.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.9 D SX Weekend||1990||~ 1.9 l (1929 cc)||48 kW (66 ps)||120 Nm (88 ft-lb)||157 km/h||4464.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1449.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.9 D SX||1990||~ 1.9 l (1929 cc)||48 kW (66 ps)||120 Nm (88 ft-lb)||161 km/h||4354.00 mm||1686.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 2.0 Suite Weekend||1990||~ 2.0 l (1995 cc)||86 kW (118 ps)||155 Nm (114 ft-lb)||190 km/h||4464.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1449.00 mm|
|Tempra 2.0 Suite||1990||~ 2.0 l (1995 cc)||86 kW (118 ps)||155 Nm (114 ft-lb)||190 km/h||4354.00 mm||1686.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.9 Tds Weekend||1990||~ 1.9 l (1929 cc)||69 kW (94 ps)||192 Nm (141 ft-lb)||176 km/h||4464.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1446.00 mm|
|Tempra 1.8 ie SX Weekend||1990||~ 1.8 l (1756 cc)||82 kW (112 ps)||141 Nm (104 ft-lb)||-||4464.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1449.00 mm|
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