Citroën is a leading car manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën Group - the second largest in Europe and the sixth largest producer of cars and LCVs in the world (OICA, 2009). Citroën is founded in 1919 by André-Gustave Citroën. Its names has always been synonymous to revolutionary engineering innovation as well as keen marketing. It was the first mass-production car company outside of the USA employing a technique used by the company during WWI when it produced armaments for France. In 1924 the company launched the first all-steel-body car in Europe - the B10 model. In 1933 was introduced the first car in the world with the first commercial diesel engine - the Rosalie. In 1934 was launched the Traction Avant as the first mass-produced front-wheel drive car. In 1948 the 2CV model was presented, which lasted with minor changes till 1990. In 1954 Citroën produced the first hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system in the world. In 1955 it launched the first car with disk brakes in Europe - the DS model, which boasted the legendary hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system of Citroën. In 1967 it invented the first swiveling headlights. The avant-garde and radical design of the DS, CX and the 2CV created an unusual brand loyalty and created a legendary cult for Citroën cars from 1975 till 1995. The company is a pioneer in the aerodynamic automobile design. During the 1950s it started using a wind tunnel and created cars like the DS, which were years ahead of their time. Its CX model had such impressive aerodynamics, that it gave its name to the term that measures the drag coefficient - CX. In 1976 Peugeot SA purchased 90% of the company and created the PSA Peugeot Citroën. Citroën was a keen marketeer and besides launching remarkable advertising campaigns, he also pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network. The company's logo depicts the marks from the gears it manufactured. The logo has been redesigned in 2009 for the 90th anniversary of Citroën with a new font and a new tagline "Créative Technologie" that reflects the established reputation of Citroën as a revolutionary in design and technology. The current portfolio of Citroën includes the C-ZERO (supermini electric cars), C1 (hatchbacks), C3 (convertibles, hatchbacks, MPVs), C4 (hatchbacks, sedans, MPVs), C5 (station wagons, liftbacks, saloons), C6 (fastbacks), C-Crosser (C7 - compact SUVs), C8 (MVPs), DS3 (hatchbacks), Elysée (sedans), Berlingo (panel vans), Jumpy (small vans), Nemo (small vans and MVPs), Jumper (large vans). The list below includes a number of Citroën car models, for which is provided detailed technical information.
|ZX 1.6i||1991||~ 1.6 l (1580 cc)||66 kW (90 ps)||133 Nm (98 ft-lb)||179 km/h||4064.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1401.00 mm|
|ZX 1.9D Advantage||1991||~ 1.9 l (1905 cc)||53 kW (72 ps)||123 Nm (90 ft-lb)||159 km/h||4064.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1401.00 mm|
|ZX Reflex||1991||~ 1.4 l (1360 cc)||56 kW (76 ps)||114 Nm (84 ft-lb)||168 km/h||4064.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1401.00 mm|
|ZX Volcane||1991||~ 1.9 l (1905 cc)||97 kW (132 ps)||160 Nm (118 ft-lb)||201 km/h||4079.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1401.00 mm|
|ZX Volcane Automatic||1991||~ 1.9 l (1905 cc)||89 kW (121 ps)||149 Nm (109 ft-lb)||201 km/h||4070.00 mm||1706.00 mm||1403.00 mm|
|ZX 1.9D Turbo||1992||~ 1.9 l (1905 cc)||69 kW (94 ps)||201 Nm (148 ft-lb)||180 km/h||4064.00 mm||1702.00 mm||1401.00 mm|
|ZX 1.8i Furio||1992||~ 1.8 l (1761 cc)||75 kW (102 ps)||152 Nm (112 ft-lb)||189 km/h||4086.00 mm||1689.00 mm||1403.00 mm|
|ZX 2.0i Volcane||1992||~ 2.0 l (1998 cc)||90 kW (123 ps)||177 Nm (130 ft-lb)||202 km/h||4086.00 mm||1706.00 mm||1385.00 mm|
|ZX 2.0 16v||1992||~ 2.0 l (1998 cc)||112 kW (153 ps)||6 Nm (4 ft-lb)||220 km/h||4086.00 mm||1720.00 mm||1375.00 mm|
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