Fiat is the abbreviation of Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, which means Italian Automobile Factory Turin. Since 1910 it is the largest Italian car manufacturer and the ninth largest car and LCV producer in the world (OICA, 2009). The company was established in 1899 by Giovanni Agnelli and a group of investors and at present it is the largest industrial concern in Italy including the production of cars, buses, industrial and agricultural vehicles, financial services and many other activities in aviation, construction, information technologies, etc. The first car of Fiat was the 3 ½ CV. The company grew fast and in 1908 it exported the first Fiats to the USA, where owning a Fiat at that time was a mark of distinction. Though it had suffered from WWI, the company had 80% share of the Italian car market in 1920, which increased to 87% in 1925, after in 1923 Fiat built the largest car factory in Europe for its time. After WWII in 1945 the Italian Committee of National Liberation removed the Agnelli family from all leadership positions. It was 18 years later in 1963 that Gianni Agnelli, the grandson of Giovanni Agnelli, became the general manager of Fiat and consecutively - a chairman. From that moment on Fiat continued to expand throughout the world and introduced a large product line offering a competitive range of cars. The car production division of Fiat Group includes Fiat Automobiles, Iveco, Maserati, Ferrari, Abarth & C, Alfa Romeo, Lancia. Cars produced by Fiat Group have won the European Car of the Year award 12 times, which is more than any other car manufacturer in the world. For decades Fiat has stood for safety on the road and since 1960 it has a fully functional center of safety (Centro Sucurezza Fiat), which is focused on developing up-to-date systems and devices, which ensure safety and comfort on the road. The company is also devoted to increasing public awareness towards ecology and lessening of the negative effects of cars on the environment. Fiat is confirmed to have the lowest average value for CO2 emissions from vehicles sold in 2007 and 2008. The current Fiat portfolio of cars includes Uno (hatchbacks, panel vans), 500 (sedans, estates), Albea (sedans), Bravo (hatchbacks), Croma (liftbacks), Doblo (panel vans, leisure activities vehicles LAVs), Fiorino (light commercial vehicles), Grande Punto (hatchbacks, panel vans), Idea (MPVs), Linea (sedans), Multipla (MPVs), Palio (hatchbacks, station wagons, crossovers), Panda (hatchbacks, cabriolets, vans), Sedici (hatchbacks), Seicento (hatchbacks, panel vans), Siena (sedans), Strada (pick-ups). The list below includes a number of models by Fiat, for which is provided specific technical data.
Fiat Croma
modelyearenginepowertorquespeedlengthwidthheight
Croma 1986~ 1.6 l (1585 cc)62 kW (85 ps)127 Nm (93 ft-lb)-4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma 1986~ 2.0 l (1995 cc)67 kW (92 ps)171 Nm (126 ft-lb)183 km/h4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma 2.0 TDi 1986~ 1.9 l (1929 cc)70 kW (95 ps)-179 km/h4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma 2000 Turbo 1986~ 2.0 l (1995 cc)114 kW (155 ps)235 Nm (173 ft-lb)210 km/h4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma ie Super 1986~ 2.0 l (1995 cc)89 kW (121 ps)164 Nm (121 ft-lb)191 km/h4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma Diesel 1989~ 2.5 l (2499 cc)56 kW (76 ps)161 Nm (118 ft-lb)166 km/h4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma Turbodiesel 1989~ 2.5 l (2499 cc)75 kW (102 ps)217 Nm (160 ft-lb)-4497.00 mm1761.00 mm1434.00 mm
Croma 2.2 MPI 16v 2005~ 2.2 l (2198 cc)108 kW (147 ps)204 Nm (150 ft-lb)209 km/h4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 2.4 Multijet 20v Automatic 2005~ 2.4 l (2387 cc)147 kW (200 ps)400 Nm (295 ft-lb)215 km/h4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 2.2 MPI 16v Automatic 2005~ 2.2 l (2198 cc)108 kW (147 ps)204 Nm (150 ft-lb)205 km/h4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.9 Multijet 8v 2005~ 1.9 l (1910 cc)88 kW (120 ps)280 Nm (206 ft-lb)194 km/h4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.9 Multijet 16v Automatic 2005~ 1.9 l (1910 cc)110 kW (150 ps)321 Nm (236 ft-lb)205 km/h4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.8 MPI 16v 2005~ 1.8 l (1796 cc)103 kW (141 ps)175 Nm (129 ft-lb)-4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.9 Multijet 16v 2005~ 1.9 l (1910 cc)110 kW (150 ps)321 Nm (236 ft-lb)209 km/h4756.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.8 MPI 16v 2007~ 1.8 l (1796 cc)103 kW (141 ps)175 Nm (129 ft-lb)207 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.9 Multijet 8v 2007~ 1.9 l (1910 cc)88 kW (120 ps)280 Nm (206 ft-lb)194 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 2.2 MPI 16v 2007~ 2.2 l (2198 cc)110 kW (150 ps)204 Nm (150 ft-lb)209 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.9 Multijet 16v 2007~ 1.9 l (1910 cc)110 kW (150 ps)321 Nm (236 ft-lb)209 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 1.9 Multijet 16v Automatic 2007~ 1.9 l (1910 cc)110 kW (150 ps)321 Nm (236 ft-lb)205 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 2.2 MPI 16v Automatic 2007~ 2.2 l (2198 cc)110 kW (150 ps)204 Nm (150 ft-lb)205 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
Croma 2.4 Multijet 20v Automatic 2007~ 2.4 l (2387 cc)147 kW (200 ps)400 Nm (295 ft-lb)215 km/h4783.00 mm1776.00 mm1597.00 mm
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